Sculpture information says that Asian art is made up of diverse artistic traditions. If there are any commonalities in style or subject matter, they are usually due to the influence of religion, conquest or trade. The ancient civilizations of West and Central Asia for example produced monumental figurative sculpture. Self-expression in sculpture did not exist in Asia until the development of the International Style of modern art in 1900s. Traditional Asian sculpture was primarily designed to communicate religious and political ideas.

Sculpture art is considered the greatest artistic achievement of India. Their creations were characterized by spiritual content and technical brilliance. Two religions, Buddhism and Hinduism, were the bases of Indian sculptural tradition. The earliest stone sculpture information was evident during the reign of the powerful ruler of the Mauryan Empire, Asoka. Important events and locations were commemorated with the erecting of large beautifully polished stone lions on top of stone columns. Thousands of statues and other buildings were also constructed.

Buddhist monuments continued to be built. Sculptural activity flourished as a result of the construction of many temples and other religious structures. Buddhist art became evident in most sculptural works. Sculptural images of Buddha express Buddhist teachings in visual form. Through the physical characteristics, gestures, dress of the image and the figures surrounding it, the sculptor is able to communicate his ideas. Aside from that, the gates and stone railings of structures showed images of folk gods and goddesses.

The early sculptural tradition of China, Japan and Korea differs from that of India and other Southeast Asian regions. Instead of using stones for erecting temples, impermanent wooden structures were utilized. The majority of early Chinese sculpture was Buddhist. Images of Buddha were created in wood. Through the years, Chinese sculptural style developed from relatively simply carved, substantial figures to decorative images with elaborate details. They create striking forceful designs with beautiful proportions. Their sizes range from small to very large structures.

Very little of Japanese sculpture is made of stone. As in China, most buildings in Japan were constructed of wood. Sculptures created for temples were made of bronze, wood or dry lacquer. The earliest wood sculpture showed Chinese influence. Japanese sculptors however, developed their own naturalistic style. They also use carving and sculpting in the creation of their different structures for the home and weapons for defense.

The rich culture of Asia has brought about the unique art which can be considered one of the best in the world. It has even evolved today as time goes by and methods are even added and modified to express thoughts through art.